Kentucky Union Land Company records

Abstract

These papers relate to the Kentucky Union Land Company, in particular its efforts to secure lands in eastern Kentucky for the Kentucky Union Railway Company.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Kentucky Union Land Company records
Extent
6.0 Cubic feet
Subjects
Land companies--Kentucky.
Land tenure--Kentucky.
Railroad land grants.
Railroads--Kentucky--History.
Arrangement
Organized into the following series: Correspondence (1811-1935, undated), Financial Papers (1864-1934, undated), Business and Legal Papers, Maps, Miscellaneous, and Oversize Materials.
Finding Aid Author
Finding aid prepared by Processed by Beth Eifler; machine-readable finding aid created by Beth Eifler
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], Kentucky Union Land Company records, 1791-1935, bulk 1880-1899, 59M110, Special Collections and Digital Programs, University of Kentucky Libraries, Lexington
Repository
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Biography / History
The Kentucky Union Land Company (KULC) was a subsidiary of the Kentucky Union Railway Company and was responsible primarily for conducting surveys, purchasing lands through which the railway would run, and securing the right of way for the railway. The Kentucky Union Railway line eventually crossed over 500,000 acres of valuable coal, iron, and timber lands, lying mostly in the eastern Kentucky counties of Breathitt, Perry, and Letcher. Two of the land company's agents were George W. Sewell, who was also a Kentucky legislator, and James McGuire of Irvine, Kentucky. Capt. J.M. Thomas and Mr. Benjamin Crawford were also responsible for purchasing a large body of lands for the KULC.
The Kentucky Union Railway Company was reorganized in 1894 as the Lexington and Eastern Railway Company and later purchased in 1909 by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company.
Scope and Content
These papers relate to the Kentucky Union Land Company, in particular its efforts to secure lands in eastern Kentucky for the Kentucky Union Railway Company. Materials consist of correspondence, financial papers, legal documents, and maps. The financial papers include bills, receipts, cancelled checks, expense reports, agreements, stock certificates, memorandum, and some correspondence. Legal documents include surveys and surveyors' reports, deeds and indentures, and court records dealing with land disputes. Most of the deeds, indentures, and surveys in the collection are copies made in the 1870s-1890s, but there are also a few original materials dating from 1791-1869. Some family histories may be traced through the deeds and other court documents, including that of Samuel C. Young, the McGuire Family, and Baronness Caroline Von Roques of France. There are also a few miscellaneous documents relating to businesses owned by the land company, including the Three Forks City Company, St. Helen's Land, Coal and Iron Company of Frankfort, and the Kentucky Industrial Consolidation Company of Clay City.

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Use Restrictions
Copyright has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky.

Contents of the Collection

CORRESPONDENCE, 1811-1935, undated

Letters mostly concern land purchases. Arranged chronologically by date.

February 18, 1811-December 20, 1888

  • Box 1, Folder 1
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April 17, 1889-September 24, 1889

  • Box 1, Folder 2
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January 9, 1890-July 18, 1893

  • Box 1, Folder 3
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July 31, 1895-November 8, 1899

  • Box 1, Folder 4
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January 13, 1900-September 22, 1902

  • Box 1, Folder 5
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February 7, 1905-November 29, 1935

  • Box 1, Folder 6
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undated

  • Box 1, Folder 7
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FINANCIAL PAPERS, 1864-1934, undated

Included are stock certificates, cancelled checks, bills, receipts, expense reports, agreements, memorandum, and some correspondence. Arranged chronologically by date.

1860s-1870s

  • Box 2, Folder 1
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1880s

  • Box 2, Folder 2
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1890-1897

  • Box 2, Folder 3
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1898-1899

  • Box 2, Folder 4
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1900s

  • Box 2, Folder 5
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undated

  • Box 2, Folder 6
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Cancelled checks, 1869-1934

  • Box 2, Folder 7
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Stock certificates, Kentucky Industrial Consolidation Company, December 1, 1890

  • Box 2, Folder 8
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Other Cases

Brun d' Aubignose, et al. vs. De Redern, et al.

  • Box 3, Folder 6
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Lewellen Bush and heirs [Please note that Lewellen Bush is also referred to as Loualen Bush in other…

  • Box 3, Folder 7
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Geo T. Cotton vs. Nathan Noble, et al.

  • Box 3, Folder 8
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Frank Hieronymous vs. George Calmes

  • Box 3, Folder 9
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Patsy Hoskins, et al.

  • Box 3, Folder 10
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Claims involving the Kentucky Union Land Company

  • Box 3, Folder 11
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Socrates Kincaid, et al. vs. William Gray, et al.

  • Box 3, Folder 12
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George W. McCormick vs. E.C. Strong

  • Box 3, Folder 13
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Claims involving the McGuire family

  • Box 3, Folder 14
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Bela McHughes vs. William Rice, et al.

  • Box 3, Folder 15
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Thomas Mendenhall, et al. vs. Abraham Fowler

  • Box 4, Folder 1
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F.B. Quisenberry vs. J.D. Spencer

  • Box 4, Folder 2
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Thomas L. Sewell, et al. vs. Dictator Cannel Coal Co.

  • Box 4, Folder 3
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Samuel Smith vs. William McGuire

  • Box 4, Folder 4
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James Snowden vs. James McGuire

  • Box 4, Folder 5
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Taylor, et al. vs. Nathan Noble, et al.

  • Box 4, Folder 6
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Trabue vs. Samuel Smith

  • Box 4, Folder 7
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Trumble vs. Spencer, Prior, Buchanon

  • Box 4, Folder 8
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Von Roques vs. Armstrong, et al.

  • Box 4, Folder 9
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Miscellaneous

  • Box 4, Folder 10
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BUSINESS AND LEGAL PAPERS

COURT CASES

Materials include agreements, judgments, rights of way, powers of attorney, deeds, surveys, and other legal papers. Papers relating to specific families and tracts of land have been kept together as much as possible.

Pre-existing Files

These files were created by the Kentucky Union Land Company and pertain to cases regarding specific tracts of land. The files have been left in the order prescribed by a list provided for each file. These files are incomplete and researchers should be aware that other papers relating to these tracts of land may be found elsewhere within the collection.

William Cockrill lands

  • Box 3, Folder 1
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David Ross and James Currie lands

  • Box 3, Folder 2
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J.M. Thomas lands

  • Box 3, Folder 3
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St. Helen's Land, Coal, and Iron Company lands (part 1)

  • Box 3, Folder 4
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St. Helen's Land, Coal, and Iron Company lands (part 2)

  • Box 3, Folder 5
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DEEDS, circa 1791-1893

Deeds concern lands in the following Kentucky counties: Owsley, Bourbon, Lincoln, Estill, Powell, Clay, Montgomery, Breathitt, Woodford, Clark, Madison, Morgan, Mason, and Lee; as well as the Virginia (now West Virginia) counties of Kenhawa (now Kanawha), Monroe, Harrison, and Fayette. There are also some indentures, powers of attorney, and surveys included with the deeds. Land records detail the names and relationships of sellers and purchasers, a description and location of the real estate and/or personal property in question, the selling price, and sale and filing dates. Often provided are the names and relationships of prior owners, ancestors, and neighbors. Arranged alphabetically by grantor's last name; chronologically by date thereunder.

A

  • Box 5, Folder 1
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B

  • Box 5, Folder 2
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C

  • Box 5, Folder 3
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D

  • Box 5, Folder 4
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E

  • Box 5, Folder 5
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F

  • Box 5, Folder 6
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G

  • Box 5, Folder 7
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H

  • Box 5, Folder 8
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J

  • Box 5, Folder 9
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K

  • Box 5, Folder 10
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L

  • Box 5, Folder 11
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McGuire family

  • Box 5, Folder 12
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M

  • Box 6, Folder 1
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N

  • Box 6, Folder 2
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P

  • Box 6, Folder 3
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R

  • Box 6, Folder 4
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Sh-St

  • Box 6, Folder 5
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Su-Sw

  • Box 6, Folder 6
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T

  • Box 6, Folder 7
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W

  • Box 6, Folder 8
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LAND SURVEYS

Surveys are often accompanied by field notes and maps.

Pre-existing Files

These files include copies of surveys of lands in Fayette and Madison counties made between 1783 and 1798.

Files for Patron Use

Fayette County, Nos. 1-34 (1783-1784)

  • Box 7, Folder 1
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Fayette County, Nos. 35-59 (1784)

  • Box 7, Folder 2
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Madison County, Nos. 7-9, 32-67 (1788-1797)

  • Box 7, Folder 3
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Madison County, Nos. 68-98 (1798)

  • Box 7, Folder 4
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Restricted Files

Fayette County, Nos. 1-34 (1783-1784)

  • Box 7, Folder 5
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Fayette County, Nos. 35-59 (1784)

  • Box 7, Folder 6
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Madison County, Nos. 7-9, 32-67 (1788-1797)

  • Box 7, Folder 7
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Madison County, Nos. 68-98 (1798)

  • Box 7, Folder 8
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Field Note Booklets

These field notes mostly pertain to land owned by the St. Helen's Land, Coal, and Iron Company.

Chronological table of St. Helen's; unlabeled St. Helen's notebook

  • Box 8, Folder 1
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Report on St. Helen's lands (4 notebooks)

  • Box 8, Folder 2