Robert Anderson Papers,1861

Descriptive Summary

Title
Robert Anderson Papers,1861
Creator
Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871
Extent
2 items
Subjects
Portraits--South Carolina
United States--History--Civil War (1864-1865)
Haviland, Amilee T.
Finding Aid Author
Staff
Repository
Kentucky Historical Society

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Robert Anderson, born in Jefferson County, Kentucky, in 1805, was the commander of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor at the outbreak of the Civil War. The Union commander held out against Confederate forces for four months, without supplies from the North. When the Confederate troops deiscovered that a shipment of supplies was on the way, they demanded that Anderson surrender. He refused and the bombardment of Fort Sumter commenced. After 34 hours of almost continuous shelling, when food supplies had reached the vanishing point, Anderson surrendered to P. G. T. Beauregard. Anderson immediately became a hero of the North. He was commissioned a brigader general following the fall of Fort Sumter, and returned to Kentuky to recruit men for the United States Army. Ill health forced his retirement in October of 1861. He died in 1871. Kentucky Encyclopedia, p. ?.
Scope and Content
This collection consits of two items pasted onto a single piece of paper. The first item is a picture of Robert Anderson taken in full military uniform. The second is a note written by Anderson while at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, in 1861. The note reads "respectfully your servant" followed by his signiture and military rank. The reverse side of the document explains that Amilee F. Haviland wrote Anderson for his autograph and that the note and picture were sent to her because of her request.