Assistant Commissioner Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands Records, 1865-1868

Descriptive Summary

Title
Assistant Commissioner Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands Records, 1865-1868
Creator
United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
Extent
1 volume
Finding Aid Author
Archives Staff
Repository
Kentucky Historical Society

Collection Overview

Biography / History
The federal government established the bureau in 1865 as part of the War Department. Major General Oliver O. Howard was the original commissioner of the bureau. The bureau's main purpose was to continue the programs already created in the former Confederate states by the occupying federal army as well as conducting other duties assigned in the Reconstruction era. These duties included operating freedmen's camps; establishing hospitals, schools, and courts; protecting African-Americans from civil violation of their rights; and feeding and caring for both blacks and whites.
Scope and Content
This volume contains records of the United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. The records document the bureau's activities in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama from 1865 to 1868.
The bulk of the book includes monthly reports, general regulations, and guidelines; written requests for the death records of both blacks and whites, especially those mistreated, between October 18, 1865 to October 1, 1866 and July 1, 1867 to July 1, 1868 in Kentucky and Tennessee; an explanation of the rights of blacks in Tennessee; monthly reports of destitute refugees; and an order forbidding officers and agents to operate outside of their jurisdiction without proper authorization.
County: Simpson; Jefferson