William H. Tallmadge Baptist Hymnody Collection, Papers and Sound Recordings,1968-1980

Descriptive Summary

Title
William H. Tallmadge Baptist Hymnody Collection, Papers and Sound Recordings,1968-1980
Creator
Tallmadge, William H.
Extent
9.6 Linear Feet; 3 Cubic Foot Boxes, 12 Manuscript Boxes, 3 Oversize Boxes
Subjects
Churches, Baptist
Organizations, religious
Hymns, Baptist -- Appalachia
Appalachia -- Religion
Baptist Monophonic and Heterophonic Hymnody, by William Tallmadge (article)
Baptists -- Organizations, religious
Hymns, Baptist -- North Carolina
Hymns, Baptist -- Ohio
Clergy, Baptist
Hymns, Baptist -- Virginia
Hymns, Baptist -- Indiana
Finding Aid Author
Processed by: Processed by; machine-readable finding aid created by:Encoded by
Repository
Berea College

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Tallmadge, a music professor at Berea College since 1976, received degrees in music at Oberlin College (B.M., 1940; M.M., 1946). His research in the area of Baptist hymnody led to publication of an article in the YEARBOOK FOR INTERNATIONAL MUSICAL RESEARCH in 1977 entitled, "Baptist Monophonic and Heterophonic Hymnody in Southern Appalachia".
Scope and Content
These are correspondence, notes, church association minutes, hymnbooks, sound recordings, and photographs compiled by William H. Tallmadge in the process of his study of Old Regular, Primitive, and United Baptist hymnody in eastern Kentucky, western North Carolina, and western Virginia during the 1960s and 1970s.
Tallmadge earned degrees in Music at Oberlin College (Ohio), in 1940 (B.M.) and 1946 (M.M.). From 1949-1976 he was on the faculty of State University College in Buffalo, New York, where his research and teaching concentrated on both Anglo and African American popular musical genres. He continued this non-classical focus at Berea (1976-1984) with course work on the history of Jazz and its relation to newer musical trends such as Rock, Soul, and Disco. Articles published as a result of his hymnody research include "Baptist Mono-phonic and Heterophonic Hymnody in the Southern Appalachians," Yearbook for International Musical Research (1977), and "Folk Organum: A Study of Origins," American Music (1984) 2(3): 47-65.

Contents of the Collection

Series I Hymnody

The largest portion of this series consists of 153 mostly reel-to-reel sound recordings of hymn singing, preaching, and interviews with church members and pastors. There are accompanying notebooks with notations for each tape that include hymn titles, comments on song origins, and descriptions of singers, pastors, worship styles, songbooks, church buildings and homes. There are listening cassette copies for each of the reels and the contents are searchable via an in-house database. There are also several published hymnbooks and a photocopy of a notebook of song texts collected by a Pentecostal singer-informant.

Tapes 1-46: Hymns, Sermons, Interviews

  • Box 1, folder
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Tapes 47-88: Hymns, Sermons, Interviews

  • Box 2, folder
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Tapes 89-153: Hymns, Sermons, Interviews

  • Box 3, folder
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Field Notes: May & July 1968

  • Box 4, folder 1
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Field Notes: May 28 - June 30, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 1
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Field Notes: May 29 - June 2, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 1
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Field Notes: June 3-7, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 1
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Field Notes: June 9-10, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 1
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Field Notes: June 18 - July 2, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 2
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Field Notes: June 29 - July 4, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 2
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Field Notes: July 4-7, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 2
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Field Notes: July 6-21, 1968

  • Box 4, folder 2
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Field Notes: May 1970

  • Box 4, folder 2
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Field Notes: Book #1, May 23-31, 1970

  • Box 4, folder 3
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Field Notes: Book #2, June 5-10, 1970

  • Box 4, folder 3
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Field Notes: Book #3, June 10-18, 1970

  • Box 4, folder 3
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Field Notes: June 21-30, 1970

  • Box 4, folder 3
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Field Notes: Book #5, July 3-8, 1970

  • Box 4, folder 3
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Field Notes: July 4-5, 1970

  • Box 4, folder 3
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Song Lyric Notebook (copy), 1980

  • Box 4, folder 4
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Hymn List A, Summer 1968

  • Box 4, folder 5
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Hymn List B, April 1970

  • Box 5, folder 1
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Hymn List C, n.d.

  • Box 5, folder 2
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Calendar/Notebook, December 1967-January 1969

  • Box 5, folder 3
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Notebook #1, May-June 1968

  • Box 5, folder 4
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Notebook #2, May-July 1968

  • Box 5, folder 5
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Notebook #3, July 1968

  • Box 5, folder 6
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Notebook #4, June 1969-June 1970

  • Box 5, folder 7
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Notebook #5, May-June 1970

  • Box 5, folder 8
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Notebook #6, June-July 1970; December 1976; April, June, October 1977; April 1979

  • Box 5, folder 9
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Collected Hymns, Text Sources, and Tunes, 1968

  • Box 6, folder 1
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Miscellaneous Notes and Hymn List 1975

  • Box 6, folder 2
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Words, Tune Transcriptions, and Notes 1976-1977

  • Box 6, folder 3
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Kentucky Hymns, Book I (Words and Tune Transcriptions, not published)

  • Box 6, folder 4
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Kentucky Hymns, Book II (Words and Tune Transcriptions, not published)

  • Box 6, folder 5
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Kentucky Hymns, Book III (Words and Tune Transcriptions, not published)

  • Box 6, folder 6
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Daniel Williams Memorial Song Book, 1763-1820

  • Box 6, folder 7
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A Few of My Favorite Songs

  • Box 6, folder 7
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Hymns and Songs of Joy

  • Box 6, folder 7
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The New Baptist Song Book, 1949

  • Box 6, folder 8
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The New Baptist Song Book, 1967

  • Box 6, folder 8
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The New Baptist Song Book, 1975

  • Box 6, folder 8
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Old Regular Baptist Song Book, 1972

  • Box 6, folder 9
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Old Regular Baptist Song Book, 1978

  • Box 6, folder 9
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Old Time Song Ballads

  • Box 6, folder 9
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Primitive Baptist Hymn Book

  • Box 6, folder 9
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Primitive Baptist Hymn Book

  • Box 7, folder 1
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Primitive Hymns, 1975

  • Box 7, folder 1
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Sacred Memories

  • Box 7, folder 2
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Some of Our Favorite Songs

  • Box 7, folder 2
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Some of Our Favorite Songs, 1977

  • Box 7, folder 2
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Sweet Songster

  • Box 7, folder 3
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Thomas Hymnal

  • Box 7, folder 3
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Series II Baptist Association Minutes

This series includes published minutes of various Regular, Primitive, and United Baptist associations, 1958-1976. This material provides much quantitative information about church membership and activities, as well as formal statements of faith and practice.

Old Regular Baptist Associations

Bethel, 1962

  • Box 8, folder 1
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Bethel, 1964

  • Box 8, folder 1
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Bethel, 1966

  • Box 8, folder 1
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Bethel, 1967

  • Box 8, folder 1
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Friendship, 1968

  • Box 8, folder 2
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Friendship, 1974

  • Box 8, folder 2
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Indian Bottom, 1958

  • Box 8, folder 2
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Indian Bottom, 1961

  • Box 8, folder 2
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Indian Bottom (Baptist of Jesus Christ), 1962

  • Box 8, folder 3
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Indian Bottom (Baptist of Jesus Christ), 1966

  • Box 8, folder 3
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Indian Bottom (Baptist of Jesus Christ), 1967

  • Box 8, folder 3
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Indian Bottom (Baptist of Jesus Christ), 1967

  • Box 8, folder 3
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Indian Bottom (Church of Jesus Christ), 1962

  • Box 8, folder 4
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Indian Bottom (Church of Jesus Christ), 1964

  • Box 8, folder 4
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Indian Bottom (Church of Jesus Christ), 1965

  • Box 8, folder 4
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Indian Bottom (Church of Jesus Christ), 1967

  • Box 8, folder 4
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Indian Bottom (Church of Jesus Christ), 1969

  • Box 8, folder 4
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Indian Bottom (Church of Jesus Christ), 1972

  • Box 8, folder 4
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Indian Bottom (Church of Jesus Christ), 1974

  • Box 8, folder 4
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Kyova, 1957

  • Box 8, folder 5
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Little River, 1967

  • Box 8, folder 5
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Mountain, 1962

  • Box 8, folder 5
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Mountain, 1963

  • Box 8, folder 5
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Mountain, 1969

  • Box 8, folder 5
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Mountain Liberty, 1975

  • Box 8, folder 6
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Mountain Liberty, 1976

  • Box 8, folder 6
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Mud River, 1958

  • Box 8, folder 6
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Mud River, 1959

  • Box 8, folder 6
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Mud River, 1960

  • Box 8, folder 6
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Mud River, 1962

  • Box 8, folder 6
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Mud River, 1963

  • Box 9, folder 1
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Mud River, 1964

  • Box 9, folder 1
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Mud River, 1965

  • Box 9, folder 1
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Mud River, 1966

  • Box 9, folder 1
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Mud River, 1971

  • Box 9, folder 1
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New Salem, 1962

  • Box 9, folder 2
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New Salem, 1963

  • Box 9, folder 2
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New Salem, 1964

  • Box 9, folder 2
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New Salem, 1965

  • Box 9, folder 2
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New Salem, 1966

  • Box 9, folder 2
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New Salem, 1967

  • Box 9, folder 3
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New Salem, 1968

  • Box 9, folder 3
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New Salem, 1970

  • Box 9, folder 3
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New Salem, 1972

  • Box 9, folder 3
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New Salem, 1973

  • Box 9, folder 3
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Northern New Salem, 1958

  • Box 9, folder 4
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Northern New Salem, 1959

  • Box 9, folder 4
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Northern New Salem, 1960

  • Box 9, folder 4
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Northern New Salem, 1961

  • Box 9, folder 4
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Northern New Salem, 1962

  • Box 9, folder 4
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Northern New Salem, 1963

  • Box 9, folder 4
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Northern New Salem, 1964

  • Box 10, folder 1
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Northern New Salem, 1965

  • Box 10, folder 1
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Northern New Salem, 1966

  • Box 10, folder 1
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Northern New Salem, 1967

  • Box 10, folder 1
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Northern New Salem, 1967

  • Box 10, folder 2
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Northern New Salem, 1970

  • Box 10, folder 2
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Northern New Salem, 1971

  • Box 10, folder 2
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Northern New Salem, 1972

  • Box 10, folder 2
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Northern New Salem, 1973

  • Box 10, folder 3
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Northern New Salem, 1974

  • Box 10, folder 3
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Northern New Salem, 1975

  • Box 10, folder 3
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Northern New Salem, 1976

  • Box 10, folder 3
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Philadelphia, 1954

  • Box 10, folder 4
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Philadelphia, 1959

  • Box 10, folder 4
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Philadelphia, 1962

  • Box 10, folder 4
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Philadelphia, 1963

  • Box 10, folder 4
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Philadelphia, 1965

  • Box 10, folder 4
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Philadelphia, 1966

  • Box 10, folder 4
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Philadelphia, 1968

  • Box 10, folder 5
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Philadelphia, 1971

  • Box 10, folder 5
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Philadelphia, 1972

  • Box 10, folder 5
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Philadelphia, 1974

  • Box 10, folder 5
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Sardis, 1962

  • Box 10, folder 6
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Sardis, 1964

  • Box 10, folder 6
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Sardis, 1966

  • Box 10, folder 6
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Sardis, 1968

  • Box 11, folder 1
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Sardis, 1970

  • Box 11, folder 1
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Sardis, 1971

  • Box 11, folder 1
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Sardis, 1972

  • Box 11, folder 1
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Sardis, 1974

  • Box 11, folder 1
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Thornton Union, 1963

  • Box 11, folder 2
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Thornton Union, 1965

  • Box 11, folder 2
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Thornton Union, 1967

  • Box 11, folder 2
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Thornton Union, 1969

  • Box 11, folder 2
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Thornton Union, 1975

  • Box 11, folder 3
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Thornton Union, 1976

  • Box 11, folder 3
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Thornton Union, 1976

  • Box 11, folder 3
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Thornton Union, 1978

  • Box 11, folder 3
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Union, 1957

  • Box 11, folder 4
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Union, 1962

  • Box 11, folder 4
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Union, 1964

  • Box 11, folder 4
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Union, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 1
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Union, 1974

  • Box 12, folder 1
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Union, 1976

  • Box 12, folder 1
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Primitive Associations

Primitve Baptist Directory, 1974

  • Box 12, folder 2
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Burning Spring, 1971

  • Box 12, folder 3
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Mates Creek, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 3
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Mountain District, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 3
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Primitive Baptist, 1959

  • Box 12, folder 3
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Primitive Baptist, 1962

  • Box 12, folder 3
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Sandlick, 1976

  • Box 12, folder 4
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Sand Lick District Association, 1976

  • Box 12, folder 4
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Senter District Association, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 4
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Union Primitive Baptist Association, 1980

  • Box 12, folder 5
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Union Primitive Baptist Association, 1984

  • Box 12, folder 5
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United Baptist Associations

Mountain Union, 1967

  • Box 12, folder 6
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Union Association, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 6
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Ancient Christian, 1967

  • Box 12, folder 7
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Ancient Christian, 1968

  • Box 12, folder 7
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Ancient Christian, 1976

  • Box 12, folder 7
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Bethel, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 7
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Bethlehem, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 7
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Bethlehem, 1970

  • Box 12, folder 8
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Bethlehem, 1971

  • Box 12, folder 8
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Blaine Union

  • Box 12, folder 8
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Blaine Union, 1969

  • Box 12, folder 8
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Iron Hill, 1960

  • Box 12, folder 8
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Iron Hill, 1968

  • Box 12, folder 8
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Iron Hill, 1968

  • Box 13, folder 1
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Mt. Zion, 1955

  • Box 13, folder 1
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Mountain Union, 1967

  • Box 13, folder 1
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National Association, 1967

  • Box 13, folder 1
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New Hope, 1963

  • Box 13, folder 1
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New Hope, 1968

  • Box 13, folder 2
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New Hope, 1970

  • Box 13, folder 2
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Paint Union, 1967

  • Box 13, folder 2
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Paint Union, 1968

  • Box 13, folder 2
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Paint Union, 1970

  • Box 13, folder 2
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Tri-State Zion, 1969

  • Box 13, folder 2
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Tri-State Zion, 1971

  • Box 13, folder 2
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Series III Fiddlers' Convention

This series includes sound recordings of a 1971 Independence, Virginia, fiddler's convention with related notes on tunes, word origins, and relationship to hymnody. Also included are related notes and sound recording of a 1970 "hollering contest" in Spivey's Corner, North Carolina.

Notes on Fiddlers' Convention and Hollering Contest

  • Box 13, folder 3
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Series IV Correspondence

This series contains correspondence on a variety of topics including Tallmadge's initial study efforts in Kentucky (1969-1970), Baptist Hymnody (1970-1977), Singers (1970-1979), Dictionary of Baptist Hymnody (1976-1979), and lining hymnody in black churches (1979).

Correspondence on Baptist Hymnody 1970-1977

  • Box 13, folder 4
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Correspondence: Dictionary of American Hymnody1976-1979

  • Box 13, folder 5
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Correspondence: Kentucky Project 1968-1970

  • Box 13, folder 6
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Correspondence: Re: Elias Keach & Philadelphia Baptist 1975

  • Box 13, folder 7
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Correspondence: Lining out in Black churches 1979

  • Box 13, folder 8
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Correspondence: Singers 1970-1979

  • Box 13, folder 9
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Correspondence: Lining Hymn Survey Responses 1969-1970

  • Box 13, folder 10
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Series V Subject Files

This series includes published and unpublished materials that Tallmadge referenced in the course of his research and copies of his articles on hymnody and related subjects.

The General Judgement by Elder Walter Evans

  • Box 13, folder 11
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Term Paper: Hymn singing recorded in Clay County, KY (n.d.)

  • Box 13, folder 12
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Article: "Hymns of the Amish... "

  • Box 13, folder 13
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Article: "The Strange Music of the Old Order Amish... "

  • Box 13, folder 13
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Article: "Judge Jackson: Black Giant of White Spirituals"

  • Box 14, folder 1
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Article: "Union of Word and Music in the Child Ballads"

  • Box 14, folder 2
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Article: "Folksong and the Modes"

  • Box 14, folder 2
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Article: "Decoy, Kentucky"

  • Box 14, folder 3
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Article: "Baptists of the Cumberland Mountains"

  • Box 14, folder 4
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Article: "Mutual Reinforcement and the Origins of Spirituals"

  • Box 14, folder 5
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Article: "Old-Time Baptists and Mainline Christianity"

  • Box 14, folder 6
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Article: "New England Baptist Hymns in 1773"

  • Box 14, folder 7
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Article: "Singing and Preaching at Otter Creek Church"

  • Box 14, folder 8
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Article: "Shape-Note Hymn Books"

  • Box 14, folder 9
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Article: "The Old Ways of Singing"

  • Box 14, folder 10
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Article: "A Song From the Holy Spirit"

  • Box 14, folder 11
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Thesis: Kentucky Mountain Hymn Tunes

  • Box 14, folder 12
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[Thesis Chapter]: Music of the Separatist Tradition

  • Box 14, folder 13
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Thesis: American Baptist Hymnody 1640-1850

  • Box 14, folder 14
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Paper: Chanted Oral Sermons (with audio tape)

  • Box 14, folder 15
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Autobiography: W.B. "Buster" Gibson, Premium, KY

  • Box 14, folder 16
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Church History: Thornton Regular Baptist Church

  • Box 14, folder 17
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Reprint: "Reasonableness of Regular Singing" Thomas Symmes

  • Box 14, folder 18
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Journal: The HymnJuly 1977

  • Box 14, folder 19
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Notes: From Christian Harmony by William Walker

  • Box 14, folder 20
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Interview Transcript: Lionel & Frankie Cuff 6-20-68

  • Box 14, folder 21
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Tallmadge Article: "LP Recordings Review" (n.d.)

  • Box 14, folder 22
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Tallmadge Article: "Dr. Watts and Mahalia Jackson... " 1961

  • Box 14, folder 23
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Tallmadge Article: "Baptist Monophonic... " 1975

  • Box 14, folder 24
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Tallmadge Article: "The Black in Jackson's White... " 1981

  • Box 14, folder 25
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Tallmadge Article: "Folk Organum: A Study... " 1984

  • Box 14, folder 26
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Series VI Photographs

This series includes photographs and slides of people, places, and events that Tallmadge encountered in his research. Most are of church members and buildings in Breathitt, Knott, Perry, and Letcher counties in Kentucky. Additionally, there are photographs from a 1968 Black gospel singing event in Ozark, Alabama, and a 1971 fiddlers' convention in Independence, Virginia.

Ozark, Alabama, 1968 - Sacred Harp Church-Radio broadcast of Black Gospel Singing

  • Box 15, folder 1
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Independence, Virginia - Fiddlers Convention

  • Box 15, folder 2
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Hurley Smith - United Baptist Church, Jackson, KY

  • Box 15, folder 3
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McRoberts Church, Dana, KY / Pierce Todd, Sparta, NC / Jackson, KY / Hazard, KY / Racoon Creek Church, Whitesburg, and Premium, KY

  • Box 15, folder 4
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Miscellaneous Slides

  • Box 15, folder 5
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School Lunch at Decoy, KY

  • Box 15, folder 6
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Hindman Settlement School

  • Box 15, folder 7
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Hindman, KY United Baptist Church

  • Box 15, folder 8
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Decoy, KY

  • Box 15, folder 9
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Series VII Miscellaneous Publications and Materials (Oversize)

This series includes one copy of Cape Breton's Magazine (n.d.), several copies of Baptist Witness from the 1950s and 1960s, and a card index file of hymns Tallmadge collected.

Cape Breton's Magazine # 27 (n.d.) Article on "Presenting"

  • Box 16, folder 1
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The Baptist Witness August 1959-May 1963 and July 1966-June 1969

  • Box 16, folder 2
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Card index file of hymns that Tallmadge collected with notation of the location, date, singer(s), printed source, author, and tape number.

  • Box 17, folder 1
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