Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay, 1788-1927

Descriptive Summary

Title
Guide to the Papers of Josephine Clay, 1788-1927
Creator
Clay, Josephine
Extent
1 cubic ft., ca. 220 pieces
Finding Aid Author
Machine-readable finding aid created by Eric Weig
Repository
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Josephine Erwin Clay (1835-1920) was the daughter of William Henry Russell (1802-1873)--a political ally of Henry Clay. When she was seven her family visited Ashland, home of the Clay family, where the famed statesman signed her autograph album. Ashland, renowned as Kentucky's finest stock farm, stabled Henry Clay's wonderful assortment of cattle, jacks and jennies, swine, and horses. Clay made his mark on the early thoroughbred industry in Kentucky with a stallion, Yorkshire, and two brood mares, Magnolia and Margaret Wood, whose descendants greatly influenced breeding and racing in the United States. Eleven Kentucky Derby winners can trace their lineage to Clay's brood mares.
In 1853 Josephine Russell married Eugene Erwin, the grandson of Henry Clay, in Missouri. The union yielded four daughters, one of whom, Eugenia, died in 1864 not long after her birth. In 1861 Erwin joined the Confederate Army and rose to the rank of Colonel in command of the 6th Missouri Infantry Regiment. In 1863 Josephine and her nine-year-old daughter joined Erwin at Vicksburg. One week before the end of the Union siege at Vicksburg, Eugene Erwin was killed on June 25, 1863 while leading his unit as it repelled a Federal attack. On July 18, 1863 Josephine met with General U.S. Grant and obtained passes from him allowing her and daughter Lucretia (Lula) to return to Missouri.
Josephine remarried in 1866 to Henry Clay's son, John M. Clay (1821-1887) who, following his mother Lucretia's death, inherited a portion of the family's racing stock. The couple teamed to train and race horses through the mid-1880s with Josephine charged with running Ashland Stud during her husband's frequent trips on the racing circuit throughout the East, South, and Midwest. The couple raced several famous horses including Skedaddle, Survivor, Star Davis, Sauce Box, Squeeze 'em, and Victory. The latter was eventually acquired by General George Armstrong Custer and was present at the Battle of Little Big Horn in 1876. During this time Josephine studied and became an expert on pedigrees.
Following John M. Clay's illness and subsequent death in 1887, Josephine redirected the business from racing to breeding and the annual sale of yearlings. Included in his estate were twelve brood mares, all descendants of Henry Clay's brood mares Magnolia and Margaret Wood. Between 1889 and 1900 she built her stock to over fifty brood mares and two stallions and became recognized as the first female to own and operate a successful thoroughbred horse farm. Her notoriety and that of The Ashland Stock Farm reached national proportions when a horse that she sold named Riley won the 1890 Kentucky Derby.
Josephine dispersed her stock in 1903 because of failing eyesight and the anti-gambling reform movement in New York and other states which prohibited betting on horses. Clay was also the author of several novels and short stories, many of which had themes related to racing. She died on March 29, 1920 at age 85 leaving behind a well-earned reputation as a business woman and a large and active circle of descendants in central Kentucky, Missouri, and other locations.
Scope and Content
These are the papers collected and generated by Josephine Russell Erwin Clay (1835-1920). Among these papers are letters and documents from noted Americans including Henry Clay, Wade Hampton, Charles W. Morgan, Edward Everett, Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, and Abraham Lincoln. Many of the letters written between 1827 and 1852 document Henry Clay's animal husbandry activities including the acquisition of cows, jacks and jennies, and thoroughbred horses. Clay's letters to his wife Lucretia provide insight into the family's financial and emotional well being as well as on national and international affairs.
These papers also provide vignettes into the life of Josephine Russell Erwin Clay and include letters sent to her first husband Eugene Erwin, passes allowing her and daughter Lula to travel through Union lines after the death of Erwin at Vicksburg, and letters of advice and consolation from Henry Clay's son John. The Josephine Russell Erwin Clay papers also include a scrapbook which contains poems written to Josephine by admirers, newspaper clippings about Eugene Erwin, cut autograph signatures, campaign ribbons for Henry Clay, and a broadside. A letter from Abraham Lincoln (1862) to John Clay which praises the memory of his father, Henry, is also included. Subsequent letters written after Josephine's marriage to John M. Clay, sent to Josephine by Clay between 1866 and 1887 chronicle the couple's separations and are very informative about the workings of Ashland the farm and the thoroughbred racing circuit. Also included in the collection is one of Henry Clay's farm ledgers (ca. 1839-1882) which contains entries and records on hemp breaking, corn cribbing, the acquisition, birth and death of horses and cattle, a record of mares serviced, and the sale of stock, etc.

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.

Contents of the Collection

Part I

DS. Bond of Samuel Moore acknowledging 200 pound debt to William Meeke of Fayette County, District of Kentucky, Rockland County, Virginia, April 9, 1788. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 1.
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DS. Agreement between Commodore John Rodgers and H. Clay re: jack Ulysses and Jenny Calypso. November 20, 1827. Filing note in Clay's hand. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 2.
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ANS. Anna Marie Thornton's receipt of payment from H. Clay for bay mare, Dutchess of Marlboro, gotten by Sir Archy, n.p., February, 1829. Filing note in Clay's hand. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 3.
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ALS. Commodore [John] Rodgers to H. Clay, Aboard steamboat Huron, Cincinnati, April 24, 1829, 1. p.

  • Box 1, item 4.
He is journeying to the new naval yard at Pensacola and encloses a certificate in relation to "the Jacks" in hopes that it will make them "more valuable to you."
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ANS. Note (in Henry Clay's hand) signed by George Lansdowne selling seven or eight year-old bay mare raised in Virginia with a star on her forehead said to have been got by Potomac to Clay, n.p., May 27, 1831.

  • Box 1, item 5.
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ALS. E[dwin Upshur] Berryman to H. Clay, New York, October 5, 1831. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 6.
Berryman has arranged to send Clay his horse Stamboul who, in spite of his appearance, has proven to be "a first rate stock horse." His price is $2,000, although he suggests that he could possibly acquire for Clay Sir Lovel, a horse of much finer appearance for $3500. Sir Lovel, who stands 16 hands high, "was got by Duroc the sire of Eclipse, & his dam Light Infantry the best blood of the country."
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DS. Agreement (in Clay's hand) between H. Clay, E. Berryman, and Buckner H. Payne selling the latter 1/3 interest in the imported horse Stamboul, November 17, 1831. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 7.
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ALS. B[uckner]H. Payne to H. Clay, Mount Sterling, September 11, 1832. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 8.
Informs Clay that he is coming to Lexington and will bring Stamboul's stud registery. Reports that Stamboul has earned "four seasons of mares which have been taken away nearly fifteen hundred Dollars."
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ALS. B[uckner]. H. Payne to H. Clay, Mount Sterling, October 12, 1832. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 9.
Sends list of owners of 113 mares which Stamboul serviced during the season, at $25 each. Stamboul's net income was $2,650. Notes that Captain Henry Daniel has written an address for his constituents critical of President Andrew Jackson. In his postscript he states that powerful Jacksonian and state Senator Aquilla Young was immersed and has joined the Baptist Church and thus, "if he lives up to his profession. . . he can't be high fellow with them any longer."
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ALS. E[dwin U.] Berryman to H. Clay, New York, October 30, 1832. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 10.
Reports on his tour through the eastern states and notes the "scarcity of Jackson men." States that we had "the largest Anti Jackson Meeting at Masonic Hall I have ever witnessed." Wonders whether Ohio will stand by "her best friend." Encloses the pedigree of the horse Kockani noting that "What ever arrangement or disposition you may make of him, will be perfectly satisfactory."
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ALS. Isaac Cunningham to H. Clay, Clark County, Ky., Nov. 3, 1832. 1 p; James Clark to H. Clay, Winchester, Ky., November 3, 1832, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 11.
Letters of introduction for P.B. Hockaday.
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ALS. E[dmund] H. Pendleton to H. Clay, [American Hotel, Broadway, New York]., October 15, 1833, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 12.
Encloses a bill of sale from Grove and writes that "The expenses of the Sheep, which include those of a man going to Albany & returning thence to New York & back to Dutchess County are $17.75."
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ALS. Reuben Davis to R.D. Shepherd, Boston, November 14, 1833. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 13.
Receipt for Maltese jack asses.
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ANS. Receipt from E[dwin U.] Berryman and John H. Coster to H. Clay, August 29, 1834. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 14.
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ALS. B[uckner] H. Payne to H. Clay, Mt. Sterling, September 30, 1834, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 15.
Encloses list of stallion Stamboul's services and explains his notations. Also provides explanation for two withdrawal entries.
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ALS James Barbour to H. Clay, Barboursville, January 22, 1835. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 16.
Sends a handbill with the pedigree of his filly Allegrante. Proclaims her to be "one of the finest ever seen," and proposes that Clay pay him $500 to share in the horse. Offers to send the horse to Washington with a servant so Clay can examine her himself.
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ALS. James Barbour to H. Clay, Barboursville, February 26, 1835, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 17.
Barbour informs Clay that he is sending a servant to Washington with Allegrante and notes, "I think you can't fail agreeing with me and the public generally that she is the finest filly you have seen."
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ALS . H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, March 4, 1835. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 18.
Congress has adjourned and Clay is returning home and bringing plants to Lucretia. Proud that John, who is not returning with him, settled his affairs with Mr. [Enoch C.] Wines.
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AL. (signature clipped) H. Clay to William D. Lewis, Ashland, August 25, 1835. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 19.
Letter of introduction for John M. Clay who is returning from Princeton, Kentucky.
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ANS. Daniel T. Patterson, to Henry Clay, U.S. Ship Delaware, January 6, 1836, Countersigned by Clay, February 23, 1836. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 20.
Commodore Patterson's draft re: jack.
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ALS. R.D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, January 6, 1836. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 21.
States that he did not intend to make any alteration in the "contract on the cattle." Indicates that if he sees any "worthy" cattle, "no disposition shall be made of them until I know your wishes."
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ALS. R.D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, January 21, 1836. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 22.
Quotes from a letter received from Captain Lindsey of the ship Unicorn that describes three Jacks and their Jennys that Lindsey purchased for Clay in Malta and has aboard his ship.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Mrs. Henry Clay (Lucretia), Edgehill, January 30, 1836. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 23.
Family letter in which John refers to the effect of his "poor" sister's death on the family. Letter mutilated.
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ALS. Daniel T. Patterson, Norfolk, February 25, 1836, 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 24.
Announces that upon Clay's request he has procured a jack in Majorca, a place where the breed is "more esteemed in the Mediterranean than the Malta. . . and are higher priced." He has housed the jack in Norfolk and awaits Clay's instructions for disposition of the animal. He also adds that he would like to retain a half interest in the jack.
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ALS. Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, March 15, 1836. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 25.
Informs Clay that he can do as he pleases with the Broken Horn Cow which he presumes is now in calf to Orozimbo. Takes recognition of Clay's decision to take half interest in the six asses imported via the ship Unicorn "at the rate of 3000$ for the whole or 1500$ for the half."
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ALS. Daniel T. Patterson, Norfolk, March 16, 1836. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 26.
Informs Clay that he has shipped the jack to [Henry] Thompson in Baltimore. While he is a fine jack, his appearance is wanting because of the cold weather and his passage. Asks Clay if he would like him to procure additional jacks.
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ADS. A.C. Rodes. April 6, 1836. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 27.
Jack license.
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ALS. Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, May 5, 1836. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 28.
Offers Clay immediate possession of two thoroughbred mares and of a stallion named Derby in a month's time. Requests that Clay send him descriptions of livestock he has purchased previously so that he can provide him with their pedigrees.
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ALS. Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, May 12, 1836. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 29.
Provides Clay with the pedigree of thoroughbred stallion Derby. Promises to send pedigree of English mare. Indicates that he is closing his business in Shepherdstown, Virginia (W.Va.) and invites Clay to visit him at his "humble abode" in Baltimore.
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ALS. Rezin D. Shepherd to H. Clay, Baltimore, July 26, 1836.

  • Box 1, item 30.
Shepherd authorizes Clay to sell any of the stock he has sent to Clay and suggests that he will be sending Derby to Clay along with other stock destined for Kentucky in the fall.
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ALS. R. Beasley to H. Clay, Le Havre, France, January 8, 1837. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 31.
Beasley, American Consul at Le Havre, sends Clay certificates for two jacks and six jennies which have "arrived here in good condition" and that they will be sent to Clay via the American ship New Orleans. Notes that the recent attempt on King Louis Phillipe's life will strengthen the French government and that President Andrew Jackson's recent message was well-received in France and England.
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ALS. R. Beasley to H. Clay, Le Havre, France, January 18, 1837. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 32.
Writes that "seven Jannetts & two Jacks" shipped out on the American ship New Orleans on January 14th for Clay in care of Mr. [Rezin] D. Shepherd and that they are insured against all risks at thirteen percent.
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ALS. R. Beasley to H. Clay, Le Havre, France, May 16, 1837. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 33.
Beasley writes of European politics and business. Notes that "Commercial embarrassment seems to have fallen like an avalanche over our Country." Regrets learning that three of the asses he sent Clay were lost in passage and promises to credit the loss and remit the amount to Baring Brothers and Company in the name of Henry Clay, Jr.
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ALS. B.H. Payne to H. Clay, Mt. Sterling, November 23, 1837. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 34.
Details the accounts he has kept on the stud services for the horse Stamboul. He will forward the information on Stamboul to Clay after he reaches his Louisiana plantation. Says that Clay is welcome to "have the service of the horse, to any number of mares."
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, February 12, 1840. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 35.
Clay, who has moved to another residence and now lives with Mrs. [E.S.] Arguelles, sends vegetable seeds. Notes that the suit between the [James] Brown estate and Kean [Richard R. Keene] has been argued by [John J.] Crittenden.
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, February 18, 1840. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 36.
Clay worries about Henry Clay Jr.'s "continued indisposition" caused by the death of his wife Julia during childbirth. (lines excised from middle portion of letter)
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, March 6, 1840. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 37.
Clay re-visits his Hanover, Virginia birthplace for the first time in forty years and provides description of visit. Sends bank drafts to Lucretia who is to take care of some of his financial affairs. Asks Lucretia to console Henry Clay Jr. should he come to Ashland.
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, April 2, 1840. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 38.
Writes of financial affairs. Hopes that Henry Clay Jr.'s trip to New Orleans will improve his health and spirits. Mentions the possibility of war with Great Britain and notes, "I hope and believe that there will be no war but things look a little squally" (This is a reference to the Aroostook War in Maine, 1839-1840).
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, April 12, 1840. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 39.
Clay reiterates that he does not expect war with Great Britain as he awaits news via the steamship The Great Western. Relates details of the Russian Minister's (Count Alexandre de Bodisco) marriage to a young woman (Harriet Williams) of Georgetown, D.C.
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, April 25, 1840. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 40.
Writes that Henry, Jr., who is going to Philadelphia for a few days, is in bad spirits. Clay will be traveling to Judge (Francis T.) Brooke's Virigina estate. Notes that five or six members of the Virginia legislature are enjoined in the Whig cause including one [Charles Thompson] from his old native county. He yearns to return to Ashland.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Mrs. L. Clay, Washington, May 27, 1841 (franked in H. Clay's hand). 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 41.
Discusses derailment of their passenger train between Frederick and Baltimore after it ran over a bull. They (John and father Henry) will be staying in Washington at Mrs. Bowen's.
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Washington, June 6, 1841. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 42.
Reports that John's (John Morrison Clay) health is improving. He is attempting to send Lucretia some plants and flowers from her list and hopes that she will get them if the river is not low at Wheeling. Asks her to tell Thomas Hart Clay and James Brown Clay that James Erwin thinks that bagging and rope will be high and that they should not be in a hurry to contract for any. Closes with "I suppose James now believes Banjo Bill to be a first rate horse."
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ADS. Josiah Downing and Peter Gatewood, n.p., July 12, 1841. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 43.
Downing as agent for Henry Clay enters into an agreement with Peter Gatewood to breed four mares to Monarch, the produce to be divided equally between Clay and Gatewood when the animals reach the age of one year.
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ANS. M.B.R. Williams to Cyrus Downing, n.p., October 9, 1841. 1 p. (includes hair from Monarch).

  • Box 1, item 44.
Requests that Downing send him "Mr. Wm Stewarts Sorrel Archy mare and colt by the bearer of this Mr. James Perry"
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ALS. H. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Natchez, Miss., December 9, 1842. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 45.
Clay is not well and is fatigued by his voyage down the Mississippi. Although met by enthusiastic crowds along the journey, because of his current state, they failed to excite him. He notes that, "I have found the depression in every department of business, and the reduction of prices of every thing greater than I anticipated." Clay relates that he has been unsuccessful in contracting for the sale of bagging and rope. Thus, he states, "I lament that I see no alternative but the sale of Thomas' (Thomas Hart Clay) property as was understood before I left home."
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ALS. W[ade] Hampton to H. Clay, Millwood, (S.C.), June 3, 1845. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 46.
Presents Clay with "Magaret Wood, the Bay Filly you saw in my stables, by Priam out of Maria West." Claims that she is of little value to him. Explains that she was foaled in 1840 and won the Trial Stakes in Nashville as a 3 year old. Describes her as "a very promising filly, but. . . she was utterly ruined by the Trip." She may be in foal to Herald.
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Typescript. Charles W. Morgan to John M. Clay, Naval Asylum near Philadelphia, February 22, 1846. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 47.
Instructs John that his horse Yorkshire is now in the hands of his nephew Charles W. Fleming near Flemingsburg who has been directed to send him to Ashland. He notes further that "York-is of the best racing blood and his fine, bone and muscle, fit him admirably as a stock horse. He is imported by R D Shepherd Esquire with whom your father is well acquainted." Explains further that his nephew does not know what to do with such a fine horse and that Morgan had determined long ago to send him to John's father.
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ALS. Daniel Morgan to J.M. Clay, at home, April 15, 1846, 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 48.
Having difficulty locating pedigree. Discusses Yorkshire's virtues as a horse.
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ANS. R[ichard] Pindell's note announcing sale of white Bull Rover to H. Clay, n.d., n.p. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 49.
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ALS. Isaac Owen to H. Clay, Sacramento, California, September 11, 1850, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 50.
Letter of condolence re: Clay's grandson Henry Clay Duralde who drowned in the Sacramento River. Letter mutilated.
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ANS. H. Bush to H. Clay, Lexington, September 17 and October 21, 185_. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 51.
Receipt for 6 green house sashes and coffin for black girl.
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ALS. N[athan] Sargent to Frederick Billings, Washington, March 13, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 52.
Letter of introduction for Eugene Erwin. Sargent writes "Be kind enough to make Mr. Erwin acquainted with some of the prominent gentlemen of your city."
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ALS. James B. Clay to John J. Clay, near St. Louis, July 28, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 53.
Agrees to sell slave Sol to James for $400.00. Regrets that Henry Clay is in poor health.
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DS. Printed Broadside with pedigree of White Bull Rover (owned by H. Clay), et al. annotated by Isaac Shelby, ca. October 11, 1851.

  • Box 1, item 54.
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DS. Isaac Shelby to H. Clay, n.p., October 11, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 55.
Isaac Shelby's bill of sale for heifer Amanda.
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D. Copy of Henry Clay's will, November 14, 1851. 10 p.

  • Box 1, item 56.
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ALS. H. Clay to John M. Clay, Washington, December 3, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 57.
Has received John's letter which includes a copy of a missive from Mr. [Jared] Dawson. "He has made two wrong charges against me," writes Clay, "one of $250 which I never I think recd. And the other a charge of commissions on money not yet collected." Asks John to take care of his letter. Writes that his health is not improving although he attended the Senate on the first day.
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AL. H. Clay to John M. Clay, Washington, January 20, 1852. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 58.
Clay writes, "I think you would do well to employ a working overseer the man you have in view. I don't see how you do without one. Why don't you employ hands to help E. Watkins at your stable?" Sends John a check for $750.00. Signature clipped.
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ALS (dictated and signed by Clay). H. Clay to John M. Clay, Washington, February 28, 1852. 3. p.

  • Box 1, item 59.
Reports that "neither the physicians nor I know what is to be the ultimate issue of my present illness." He is eating enough to sustain life, but cannot sleep at night without an opiate. Jokes that he has "nearly emptied an apothecary's shop." He does not want company and often denies the wishes of strangers to visit him. Glad to hear that Zenobia and Heraldry are in foal.
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DS. Lucretia Clay to John M. Clay, Ashland, November 23, 1852. Attested by J.V. Harrison. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 60.
Deed signed by Lucretia Clay giving John half the blooded stock of Magnolia and other horses.
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ADS. James F. Allen to James M. Clay, Harrison Co., Ky., July 18, 1853.

  • Box 1, item 61.
Bill of sale for Negro boy.
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DS. J. V. Harrison. September 4, 1854. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 62.
Instructions on financial interests emanating from the sale of Ashland.
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ALS. James B. Clay to Lucretia Clay, Ashland, September 19, 1856. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 63.
Thanks her for her testimony in the newspaper affirming James' affection for his parents.
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ALS. William McCalla to Josephine Russell, n.p., June 26, 1857. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 64.
Sends her powders (medicine) to cure an affliction.
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ANS. Isaac Shelby to John M. Clay, Lexington, Kentucky, June 16, 1862, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 65.
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ALS. W[illiam] M. Mercer to John M. Clay, Locust Hill, November 25, ____. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 66.
Dr. Mercer apologizes for returning home early but needed to go because he learned that the water level on the Ohio River was falling.
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ALS. W. H. Mercer to John M. Clay, New Orleans, Dec. 7, _____. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 67.
Discusses pedigree of Clay's mare Flounce. States that "brood mares ought not be very fat, certainly not till they become enciente. You may therefore injure your animal by too much care."
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AD Notes re: Clay horses 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 68.
Notes and pedigrees of Josephine Clay's horses including Yorkshire and Glendy (purchased by August Belmont).
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Erwin, Ashland, December 27, 1863. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 69.
John writes, "This evil war has brought great distress and suffering to the whole county and although yours have not been the least, still you ought not to forget that you have sacred duties to perform towards your little children, nor abandon yourself to grief and despair."
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ALS. James B. Clay to Josephine Erwin, Ashland, August 26, 1864. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 70.
Clay pledges to continue work on legacy of Josephine's children and he attempts to console her during "her time of distress and affliction." Signs as her "affect. Uncle" and says, "do let us continue to correspond frequently."
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ALS. George B. Slaughter to Josephine Erwin, St. Louis, July 6, 1865. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 71.
Informs Josephine that she has until November first to "redeem your lands (in Missouri) if they have been sold for taxes, by paying costs & 15 pr. Ct. I advise you to pay the taxes at once."
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ALS. James B. Clay to Josephine Clay, San Nicholes Hotel, n.d., 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 72.
Has been ill, will arrive at Saratoga tomorrow. Letter written on the back of broadside which reads: "First Regular Meeting of the Joint Stock Laclede Association for the Improvement of the Blood Horse. Capital $150,000, St. Louis, Mo., 1866."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Woodlawn Race Course (Nashville), May 23, 1867. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 73.
John found all of the horses safe and sound Victory does not exhibit the lameness which he did at home will give Gilroy, Victory, and Planet some work tomorrow. Stayed in Louisville previous night and saw "The McDowells & Susan & family."
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Anniversary invitation, July 8, 1867, with original envelope.

  • Box 1, item 74.
"Paper Wedding. Mr. & Mrs. Clay at home. . ."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Cincinnati, September 20, 1867. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 75.
Horses arrived safely including Rivoli, Plantagenet, and Banshee. Discusses racing schedule and says he is due to arrive in St. Louis tomorrow evening.
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Telegram. John M. Clay to Mrs. John Clay, St. Louis, September 30, 1867. 1p.

  • Box 1, item 76.
Plantagenet wins second gallop.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Buckeye Race Course, Cincinnati, May 22, (1868). 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 77.
Victory and Peter had a good workout and John expects to run them next week. Regarding a jockey he says, "I cannot say yet if I want Davy to come or not. His mother I paid $20 at the Cov. Depot at leaving & she seemed to think a months' wage extra was a little thing for Vic's race & thought I ought to make him a handsome present. She is pretty greedy." Doesn't believe he can get "$3,000 for Victory until he runs here, let alone $5,000."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, n.p. (Cincinnati), May 24, 1868. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 78.
Vic (Victory) is the favorite versus the field in the pools. He is doing well. Billy Moran, who is reducing to ride him, exercised him this morning at 110 pounds and said, "He could have run a half mile in shoes in the 40s."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, n.p. (Cincinnati), May 25, 1868. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 79.
Provides instructions for exercising Gilroy and Black Sal asks Josephine to have the track harrowed before they run. Reports on Victory's race: "He won easily in 144 ¾ 145 ½--he started at 21 yards behind first heat & Bob who rode him said he could have run faster the 2d than 1st heat. I was offered $5,000 for him after the race, but think him worth $10,000 if sound."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, BC, May 26, 1868. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 80.
"Peter got a wretched start and was beaten easily placed 6th. I think much better of him than before the race considering the blacksmith had cut away all his hoofs nearly as bad as Gilroy."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Buckeye C., May 28, 1868. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 81.
"The race is over for Victory. He won easily, never extended, in the mud." Provides instructions for the care of crops and the horses.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Buckeye Course, May 30, 1868. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 82.
Will run Peter again, who finished only "a throat latch behind Saratoga" yesterday, even though "he looks weak, feeble, emaciated, & debilitated." John has priced Victory at $10,000. Provided he doesn't sell Victory, he may send Patterson with Victory, Peter and Gilroy to Chicago "with a distinct understanding that the day he begins to drink, I take the horses out of his charge."
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ALS. Thomas Bacon to "Clay", Edgefield C.H., South Carolina, February 14, 1870. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 83.
Requests that Clay assist him in settling a breeding dispute he has with Abe Buford.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Woodlawn Race Course (Nashville), Monday Evening, (1870), 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 84.
Arrived here late because of broken steam engine. "Sally entered to run tomorrow against Sue Morrissey, Victory runs vx. Crossland & in the Dash 2 miles. Five horses entered in each race."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House, Nashville, September 29, 1870. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 85.
Clay has arrived in Nashville and has given Sauce Box a workout at the track. Reports that Aneroid is amiss and that he probably will not "make a good race here." Buford's horses," he adds, "are turned out so that S.B. will not meet Hollywood I guess the sister to Bonita will be the hardest to beat, but too soon to form an opinion. The track & stables here are very poor & barely fit for stabling and running."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 3, 1870. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 86.
Haunted by memory of burning stable. Reports on progress of mare Sauce Box and owners who are attending meet. Provides instructions on tasks to be accomplished on the farm.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 6, 1870. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 87.
Attended fair and acted as a judge.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 7, 1870.

  • Box 1, item 88.
Reports on his activities at the track. "Sauce Box is looking well, but I have not worked her strong here. She gallops 2 miles every day & today went the last half in 54 ½."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Woodlawn Race Course (Nashville), 1 pm, October 7, (1870), 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 89.
He is running Sally, but she is becoming lamer. He complains that "I am plenty tired of this place & plenty sorry I came to it."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 9, 1870, 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 90.
Reports on his visit to church. Invited to dine "with Col. Woods, whose cousin Margaret Woods was named after and who has a daughter named Georgia Woods." Discusses Sauce Box's workouts.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 11, 1870, 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 91.
Relates that Sauce Box won the G.A. Stakes. Provides instructions on hemp, potato, and corn crops and on improvements to be made at Ashland.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 14, 1870. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 92.
Taking Sauce Box to Memphis "having a good chance there to win." Acknowledges death of Jack. Sorry you have no cook and washer."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Maxwell House (Nashville), October 15, 1870. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 93.
Discusses status of racing string and results. Provides direction of work to be done at Ashland in addition to feeding and harvesting instructions.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Chickasaw Race Course, Memphis, October 17, 1870. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 94.
Announces his arrival by train from Nashville with the boys and Sauce Box. Writes that "It is too soon to speak of prospects here. The Bradley Stakes being next Tuesday and the George Elliott Friday Following."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, CRC, Memphis, October 20, 1870. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 95.
Discusses problems with mare Squeeze'em. Wishes he was home to share Josephine's troubles.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Chickasaw Race Course, Memphis, October 21, 1870. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 96.
Glad to learn that Squeeze'em was injured accidentally, "as I feared at first it was the job of the Stable burners." Reacts positively to Josephine's decisions at Ashland and provides additional instructions on jobs he wants accomplished at the farm.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Chickasaw Race Course, Memphis, October 22, 1870. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 97.
Glad to learn that Squeeze'em is not permanently injured. Discusses work around the estate. Notes that Walter Parker of Hardinsville, Kentucky has offered to come and ride for $15 per month. Will entertain proposition when he returns because he is "a good rider."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Chickasaw Race Course, Memphis, October 24, 1870. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 98.
John plans to run Sauce Box tomorrow, but is not optimistic that she will do as well here as she did in Nashville. Clay observes that "she does not move as glib & elastic, nor does her coat look as shiny & bright, but I still hope for her to pull through victorious." Nevertheless, he writes, "she is in condition the fastest 2 yr old I ever raised."
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Broadside: "Honor Won and Lost." February 21, 1871. Family drama in honor of John M.

  • Box 1, item 99.
Clay's fiftieth birthday.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Long Branch, N.J., May 25, 1872. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 100.
John has arrived at Monmouth. All of his horses are in good shape with the exception of Ginger whose leg is improving. "If he is not hurried again in his training (he) may win one race & be sold before he breaks down."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Long Branch Race Course, Eatontown, New Jersey, May 28, 1872. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 101.
Hopes to have more luck in the east than in the west. His health is improving, he now weighs 128 pounds.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 3, 1872. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 102.
Left this morning for the Jerome Park races where he had to put up $100 in the Belmont Stake. Discusses whether to sell Ashland's hay.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J. June 7, 1872. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 103.
John responds to Josephine's previous letters on activities at Ashland. Specifically, he discusses the hemp and corn crops and personnel decisions. He notes that he expects to run Logan Bruce and La Gotana towards the close of the meeting at Jerome Park.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, Monmouth Co., N.J., June 10, 1872. 6 p.

  • Box 1, item 104.
Provides instructions on feeding and pasturing the horses at Ashland. Gleefully reports that a "Jersey Dutch man" made out a bill referring to him as "Henry Clay's son." Inquires about crops and says he may bring a kitten or Newfoundland puppy home when he returns.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 12, 1872, 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 105.
Reports on his activities while away from home. Notes that "I still like my and your church the Roman Catholic. And am trying every day to profit by the sermon I heard last Sunday against profanity."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 13, 1872. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 106.
John states that he needs to remain in "Yankee land" till the Dixie Stakes are run in Baltimore about the first of November. He also intimates that he needs to stay with his stable of horses because "when I am away the boys will play."
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LS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 19, 1872. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 107.
Reacts angrily to Josephine's last letter. Explains that he has been sick and living miserably in a stable and admonishes her "Don't mistrust your husband."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 21, 1872. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 108.
Says that he will not train anymore horses and has offered to sell the lot for $10,000, "but hardly hope to get it." Complains he is suffering from neuralgia. Requests condensed summary of each day's work since his departure. Pledges his love to Josephine.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 24, 1872. 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 109.
Clay states that "I am strongly tempted to sell every d___ one of the horses at auction this week & come home." He has borrowed money from John Harper to cover expenses and notes that he will "be a dead beat" if his $7,000 note is not paid promptly August 1.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 25, 1872. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 110.
Discusses financial matters and instructs her to have the absent mares returned.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Eatontown, N.J., June 30, 1872. 3 p.

  • Box 1, item 111.
Retracts his previous letter of indignation and reports that his neuralgia is relieved after a dentist extracted three teeth. Notes that "although Git and Bally were both beaten I felt better than if I had won and the neuralgia unrelieved."
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D. (holograph) Agreement between John M. Clay and A. Keene Richards, February 3, 1877, n.p. (unsigned). 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 112.
Clay places Buff and Blue in Richards' hands for racing purposes until December 1, 1879.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Lula Clay, Ashland, November 3, 1882. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 113.
Clay refers to Lula's illness.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Lula Clay, n. p., n.d. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 114.
Glad to learn that Lula and baby are doing well. His own health is improving.
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AD. John M. Clay to Minor Simpson, Ashland, July 18, 1885, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 115.
Bill of sale for horse Glitter.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ashland, June 1, (1887), 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 116.
Reports that he made out well during her absence and notes that "Slashes is nearly well & tapering off on quinine."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ashland, June 2, 1887. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 117.
Notes arrival of Lula and Josephine. States that Slashes is getting better.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, (Ashland), June 3, 1887. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 118.
Everything fine at home.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ashland, June 5, 1887, 4 p.

  • Box 1, item 119.
Discusses the potential sale of her land for $15,000 per acre.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ashland, June 6, 1887. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 120.
John encourages Josephine to return home because she is sick and her prospects of selling her land are not good. He adds that "you may gain useful information, and be able to sell through an agent after your return home."
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ashland, June 7, 1887. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 121.
Advises Josephine that she will probably not be able to sell the land at its face value.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ashland, June 8, 1887. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 122.
John, again, implores Josephine to return home because he doubts that she can sell her land on this visit. Warns her to be cautious with agents.
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ALS. John M. Clay to Josephine Clay, Ashland, July 5, 1887. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 123.
John acknowledges Josephine's telegram and awaits more detailed information on the condition of her brother.
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Printed funeral notice for John M. Clay, Lexington, August 11, 1887.

  • Box 1, item 124.
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1899 Annual Catalog of Ashland Thoroughbred Stock Farm by Mrs. John M. Clay.

  • Box 1, item 125.
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ALS. Carter H. Harrison to Mrs. Josephine Clay, Chicago, Dec. 9, 1912, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 126.
Chicago mayor writes to his cousin that he is unaware of the existence of a portrait of Colonel William Russell. He has forwarded her letter to his brother Preston who may have more information on Russell.
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ALS. James K. Patterson to Mrs. Josephine Clay, Lexington, March 28, 1920 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 127.
Thanks Josephine for her birthday wishes as he writes: "No greeting, however, came to me with more affection than did the one from you and none came which I value more."
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ALS. George H. Clay to Mrs. Minor Simpson, Lexington, Feb. 9, 1927, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 128.
Encloses letter from John M. Clay to Lucretia Clay written in 1838 along with account by Bishop Smith of Henry Clay's last years.
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ALS. Maitland Allen to Mrs. James M. Clay, Limeton, Va., n.d., 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 129.
Encloses old family letters including several from her father.
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Henry McDowell to Mrs. Minor Simpson, n.p., Wed. 26th ___, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 130.
Thanks her for the "pleasure (of) your coming yesterday."
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TLS. Gamaliel Bradford to Mrs. Lucretia Clay Simpson, April 19, 1929. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 131.
Thanks her for being so charitable with him as a biographer and notes that he will correct mistakes in any later printings of his book. He adds that "I am sure that you will make a book of great interest and of great historical value and I wish you all possible success with it."
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Irwin family file (12 pieces.): legal documents concerning estate of Eugene Irwin, cancelled checks and receipts.

  • Box 1, item 132.
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Part II. Henry Clay's Farm Ledger (ca. 1839-1882).

Contains 93 pages with entries and includes records on hemp breaking, corn cribbing, the acquisition, birth, and death of horses and cattle, a record of mares serviced, and the sales of stock, etc.
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Part III. Josephine Clay's Scrapbook

AD. Passport of William Russell issued by U.S. Consul, Acapulco, Mexico, 1850. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 1.
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Textiles. Henry Clay political campaign ribbons: (a) Boston Young Men's Whig Club, Massachusetts Whig Convention, September 19, 1844; (b) "Clay and Tariff," The Democratic Whig National Convention, May 2, 1844, Baltimore.

  • Box 1, item 2.
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ALS. W.J. Eddy to A.E. Erwin, Benicia, July 10, 1852. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 3.
Presents Erwin with a gold watch on behalf of the Mechanics of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company.
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Newspaper clipping. The Gazette, April 15, 1893. Story-New Orleans' merchants pay off Henry Clay $25,000 debt.

  • Box 1, item 4.
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ANS. Henry Clay to Thomas B. King, New Orleans, April 11, 1851.

  • Box 1, item 5.
Letter of introduction for his grandson Mr. Eugene Erwin.
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ADS. Circular signed by Eugene Erwin to the officers and soldiers for Erwin's battery, July 4, 1862. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 6.
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ALS. Eugene Erwin to W.J. Eddy, Monterrey, July 17, 1852. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 7.
Thanks his friends at Benecia for their "beautiful testimonial."
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ADS. Isaac Shelby. Bill of sale for slave named Mastin to John M. Clay, Feb. 21, 1857. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 8.
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LS. H. Clay to Eugene Erwin, Ashland, July 19, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 9.
Clay warns his grandson to stay away from bad company and gambling. It is always attended with the loss of character, loss of health, and often the loss of fortune." Because of his poor health, he asks Erwin who he would like to have appointed as his guardian during his minority.
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Newspaper clipping re: Sixth Missouri Cavalry (Confederate).

  • Box 1, item 10.
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ANS. R. Hutchinson to Col. Erwin, Grand Gulf, April 10, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 11.
Requests that Erwin report to Headquarters tomorrow at 9 a.m. because the General "wishes to get away for a few hours, & desires you to 'run the machine' in the mean time."
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Clipped address: "Col. Eugene Erwin, 6th Missouri Infantry, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, A.W., Port Gibson, Mississippi.

  • Box 1, item 12.
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AN. H.L. Duralde to Miss J.D. Russell, October 16, 1844. On page from her autograph album.

  • Box 1, item 13.
Thanks Josephine and her family for their kind treatment of him while he has been staying with them for the last five or six weeks.
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AN. To Miss J.D. Russell from _____?, n.d. or place. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 14.
Refers to Josephine's album as "a storehouse, whose bright pages treasure up the cherished tributes of friendship."
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ALS. H. Clay to John M. Clay, Washington, March 13, 1852. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 15.
Expresses sorrow at hearing that Margaret Woods lost her twins. Clay instructs his son on the disposition of a jack and jenny. Explains that his health has not improved and that he continues to be sleep deprived even after taking opiates. Briefly discusses the results of two cases (The Fireman's Insurance Case of Louisville and the Ray Case against the Brazilian government) he had before the Supreme Court.
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AN. Poem addressed to Col. (Robert Potswood) Russell from Fannie Allen, August 5, 1847. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 16.
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Newspaper clipping. "A Mother's Training." Re: Caroline Russell.

  • Box 1, item 17.
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AN. Poem to Col. Russell from Mary A. Jones, Clifton, Virginia, n.d. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 18.
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AN. A. Custis Washington to Mrs. Col. Erwin, Steamer Imperial, July 23, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 19.
Washington writes, "Do not hesitate to call on me for anything that may add to your comfort or convenience. I trust your state room is as comfortable as possible."
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ANS. Poem to Miss Josephine D. Russell from M.B.H., December 20, 1844. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 20.
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Newspaper clipping. "Our Old Battle Flag," from 6th Missouri Infantry.

  • Box 1, item 21.
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None.

  • Box 1, item 22.
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ANS. Poem "To the Blue Anemone," by Anna, October 29, ____, 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 23.
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Autograph. On page from autograph album-"From Senator Benton to Miss Josephine Russell."

  • Box 1, item 24.
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ANS. James B. Townsend, Bluffton, January 12, 1849. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 25.
Because he is no poet himself, Townsend pens some lines from a Sir Walter Scott poem.
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ANS. W.J. Beebe, poem, Bluffton, March 17, 1845. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 26.
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ALS. Edward Everett to John M. Clay, Boston, April 19, 1863. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 27.
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Part of #26

  • Box 1, item 28.
Recalls John's father, Henry Clay, with affection and notes, "Would he were here to guide us through this tremendous crisis, as he did through some of those which took place, while he was on the stage."
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ALS. F.W. Russell to sister (Josephine), August 20, 1845. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 29.
Russell expresses his love and esteem for his sister, looks nostalgically back on their childhood, and their hopes for the future.
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AD. Holograph copy of "Truth" by N. Breton, 1616, copied by D[olly] P[ayne] Madison, Washington, August 23, 1847. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 30.
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Broadside letter-"Clay Monument Association," New Orleans, February 20, 1860. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 31.
Invitation to inauguration of the statue of Henry Clay in New Orleans.
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Newspaper clipping-obituary of Gen. Robt. Potswood Russell, January 31, 1842.

  • Box 1, item 32.
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Textile. Ribbon carrying obituary of Col. Eugene Erwin delivered by W. M. Patterson, Chaplain, 6th Mo. Infantry, Vicksburg, Miss., June 26, 1863.

  • Box 1, item 33.
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ANS. Poem to Miss Josephine by Robt. H. Foster, Alabama at Sea, May 11, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 34.
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AD. A.J. Barlow. Pass for (Josephine Erwin), Headquarters, District of Memphis, Memphis (Tenn), April 3, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 35.
Guards, Pass "Col Stephens escort this lady little girl & driver through lines . . . baggage examined and passed at this office."
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ANS. U.S. Grant. Pass for Lt. E.A. Hickman, CSA to Cairo in company with Mrs. Col. Erwin, Vicksburg, Miss, July 18, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 36.
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ANS. U.S. Grant. Pass for Mrs. Col. Erwin to Independence, Missouri with her family, Vicksburg, July 18, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 37.
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AN. One line note for "Senorita Russell."

  • Box 1, item 38.
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AN. To Col. (Eugene) Erwin) from J. Murdoch, 11 a.m., Sat., n.d. or place. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 39.
Reports that a friend saw Mrs. Erwin and Lula encamped with a portion of the Army at Grindstone Ford. "Mr. Patterson had brought word of your safety, after the battle; and they seemed cheerful and hopeful; when they left us at 6 p.m."
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Newspaper clipping re: "An Old Battle Flag." Mounted on album pages.

  • Box 1, item 40.
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Continuation of #39.

  • Box 1, item 41.
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Continuation of #s39 and 40.

  • Box 1, item 42.
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ANS. J. Shobe to Miss Josephine D. Russell, n.p., January 23, 1850. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 43.
Shobe writes a poem to Josephine.
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ALS. Jefferson Davis to Col. I. Hays, Ohio River, March 18, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 44.
Letter of introduction for Eugene Erwin.
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ALS. Brigadier General Martin E. Green to Col. (Erwin), Headquarters 2d Division, 3rd Brigade, n.p., August 27, 1862. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 45.
General Green issues instructions on electing officers and on fowarding recommendations to the War Department.
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ANS. Lucian McDowell to Mrs. Col. Erwin, Hospital (Vicksburg), July 14, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 46.
McDowell reports that he does not have any spirits of camphor "as the Yankees have entirely failed to supply us with spirits of any kind since we have been in Vicksburg. He sends a substitute.
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ALS. Abraham Lincoln to John M. Clay, Washington, August 9, 1862.

  • Box 1, item 47.
The President acknowledges John's gift of his father's snuff box and then writes, "In the concurrent sentiment of your venerable mother, so long the partner of his bosom and his honors, and lingering now, where he was, but for the call to rejoin him where he is; I recognize his voice, speaking as it ever spoke, for the Union the Constitution, and the freedom of mankind."
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Page from scriptural flower album.

  • Box 1, item 48.
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Clipping (including published photographs) of Mrs. John M. Clay and Henry Clay Anderson.

  • Box 1, item 49.
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ANSs. on page from scriptural flower album inscribed to Josephine Russell by Henry Clay in 1843 and D.H. Allen in 1847.

  • Box 1, item 50.
Clay's inscription reads: "I record my name, with great pleasure, in the Album of the daughter of one of my best, one of the most faithful and intelligent of my friends."
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ALS. Henry Clay to Mrs. (Zanette F.) Russell, Ashland, June 2, 1847. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 51.
Clay writes in support of William Russell's effort to sustain John C. Fremont's authority in California in light of the latter's dispute with General Stephen W. Kearny. Clay states, "I shall take great pleasure, and be most happy, to do any thing in my power (altho' I fear that will not be much) to uphold their power and authority."
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ANS. Poem to Josephine from Annie, n.d. or place. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 52.
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ANS. Poem to Josephine from HCR, April 13, 1851. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 53.
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ANS. Poem "An Acrostics," LR, Bluffton, August 24, 1846. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 54.
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ALS. H.K. Garrison to J.H. Blethune, San Francisco, May 16, 1853. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 55.
Letter to make Captain Blethune aware that the family of Colonel William Russell accompanied by Henry Clay's grandson, Eugene Erwin, are passengers on his ship.
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Page from scriptural flower album.

  • Box 1, item 56.
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ALS. Henry B. Jackson to James M. Clay, Forsyth Place, Savannah, December 18, 1889. 2 p.

  • Box 1, item 57.
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Continuation of #56.

  • Box 1, item 58.
Thanks Josephine Clay for sending him mementoes of her late husband John, his boyhood friend, and of his father, Henry Clay.
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ALS. H.C.M. Bryant to Mrs. John M. Clay, Lexington, March 22, 1919. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 59.
Thank you letter for the seventy-six pairs of hand-knitted socks that she made and donated to be worn by Belgian soldiers. One pair is to be placed in the Museum at Brussels "as a memento to the name of Clay."
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DS. Cancelled David A. Sayre and Co. check issued to Eugene Erwin, by D.M. Simpson for $500.00, Lexington, May 22, 1854.

  • Box 1, item 60.
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ALS. Frank Carter to Colonel Eugene Erwin, Grand Gulf, April 12, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 61.
States that Erwin's court will have to adjourn over until Tuesday and that he will send across the river for officers to fill the court if necessary.
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ANS. Major General J(ohn).M. Schofield, Headquarters, Department of the Mississippi, St. Louis, November 3, 1863. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 62.
Announces that the person and property of Mrs. Josephine Erwin are to be protected.
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Through (76) Clipped signatures including Daniel Webster, John M. Botts, Winfield Scott and John Quincy Adams.

  • Box 1, item 63.
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ALS. M.H. Sanford to John M. Clay, North Elkhorn Farm, June 24, 1879. 1 p.

  • Box 1, item 77.
Letter thanking John for sending him a memento of his father, Henry Clay.
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blank stationary, (28) calling cards.

  • Box 1, item 78.
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Researchers are required to have an SCRC Researcher Account in order to request or order digital copies of materials. Research Account set-up and use instructions can be found at: http://libguides.uky.edu/SCRCaccount

If you are visiting the Breckinridge Research Room, please request materials at least 48 business hours in advance of your arrival.

For all other questions, contact us at: https://libraries.uky.edu/ContactSCRC.

Researchers are required to have an SCRC Researcher Account in order to request or order digital copies of materials. Research Account set-up and use instructions can be found at: http://libguides.uky.edu/SCRCaccount

If you are visiting the Breckinridge Research Room, please request materials at least 48 business hours in advance of your arrival.

For all other questions, contact us at: https://libraries.uky.edu/ContactSCRC.

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