John Clarence Watts Collection,1951-1971

Descriptive Summary

Title
John Clarence Watts Collection,1951-1971
Creator
Watts, John Clarence, 1902-1971
Extent
97.2 cubic ft.
Finding Aid Author
Processed by ..; Machine-readable finding aid created by...
Repository
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Congressional Career
Following a state political career which began in 1928, John C. Watts entered the national political arena in 1951 by winning a special election held to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas R. Underwood. Watts, a tobacco grower, banker, lawyer, and Democrat, was considered by many to be a moderate conservative.
Kentucky's Sixth District, which he represented, has been characterized as a mixed agrarian-industrial area where the overriding political attitude is conservatism. Prior to Watts' election only one Republican had been sent to Congress from the District since the Civil War. During his first campaign, Watts emphasized the continued welfare of the tobacco farmer and established a reputation as a champion of the Burley Tobacco producer.
In 1952 Watts was instrumental in obtaining a fair application of an "excepted minimum acreage" provision and thus assured equitable treatment for the small tobacco grower. He also assisted in the preparation of legislation which ultimately led to the curtailment of red card tobacco growing and allowed the Burley Tobacco program to be more effectively enforced. In addition, Watts was influential in securing national backing in behalf of a stable support price program for tobacco.
Watts' efforts on behalf of tobacco were complemented by his activities in support of the whiskey industry. Soon after coming to the House of Representatives, the Congressman sponsored a successful resolution which called upon the Federal Government to ban the importation of whiskies produced in foreign nations which used the term "Bourbon" unless the country of origin appeared on the label as part of the name. This action served to enhance the market position of Kentucky produced Bourbon.
Watts served on several committees while in the House of Representatives. These included the Committee on Agriculture, the Public Works Committee, and the Ways and Means Committee. At the time of his death he was the second ranking member of the Ways and Means Committee, one of the most influential bodies within Congress. Not only does the Ways and Means Committee control matters related to taxes, tariffs, and the Social Security Administration, but it also maintains supervision over committee assignments and general planning and programming of House activities.
House of Representatives Committee Assignments
May 1951 - January 1953
Public Works Committee
January 1953 - January 1959
Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on Tobacco Subcommittee on Poultry and Eggs, Chairman
January 1959 - September 1971
Committee on Ways and Means Subcommittee on Administration of Social Security Laws

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Copyright has not been assigned to the University of Kentucky.

Contents of the Collection

Legislative Series

The Legislative Series consists of 93 boxes of material dating from the 82nd Congress through the 91st Congress (1951-1971). The papers are arranged alphabetically by House Committee and within chronologically. 82nd Congress (1951-1952) - Boxes 1-4 83rd Congress (1953-1954) - Boxes 5-11 84th Congress (1955-1956) - Boxes 12-18 85th Congress (1957-1958) - Boxes 19-27 86th Congress (1959-1960) - Boxes 28-37 87th Congress (1961-1962) - Boxes 38-47 88th Congress (1963-1964) - Boxes 48-59 89th Congress (1965-1966) - Boxes 60-68 90th Congress (1967-1968) - Boxes 69-79 91st Congress (1969-1970) - Boxes 80-93
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Subject Series

The Subject Series consists of 113 boxes of material generated during the period of 1951 to 1971. These papers are arranged alphabetically by topic and then either chronologically or alphabetically within each group. Subjects appear in the following order: 1.Agriculture and Tobacco 2.Air Force 3.Army 4.Atomic Energy Commission 5.Civil Aeronautics Board of Federal Aeronautics Administration 6.Civil Defense Administration 7.Civil Service Commission 8.Commerce 9.Defense 10.Economic Stabilization Agency 11.Equal Opportunity Employment Commission 12.Executive Offices 13.Federal Communications Commission 14.Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and Federal Reserve 15.Federal Home-Loan Bank Board 16.Federal Power Commission 17.Federal Security Agency 18.Federal Trade Commission 19.Food and Drug Administration 20.Foreign Claims Settlement Commission and Foreign Operations 21.Administration 22.General Accounting Office 23.General Services Administration 24.Health, Education, Welfare 25.Housing and Urban Development and Home Financing Agency 26.Interior 27.International Cooperative Administration 28.Interstate Commerce Commission 29.Justice 30.Labor 31.Maritime Commission 32.National Aeronautics and Space Administration 33.National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities 34.National Labors Relation Board 35.National Scientific Foundation 36.Navy 37.Office of Economic Opportunity 38.Post Office 39.Railroad Retirement Board 40.Reconstruction Finance Corporation 41.Securities and Exchange Commission 42.Selective Service 43.Small Business Administration 44.State 45.Tariff Commission 46.Tennessee Valley Authority 47.Transportation 48.Treasury 49.United States Information Agency 50.Veterans
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Miscellaneous Series

The Miscellaneous Series, a group of 38 boxes of material dating from 1951 to 1971, is divided into six sub-series which are arranged in alphabetical order. Items of Memorabilia are also included. In each sub-series materials are grouped alphabetically by their topic and then from within they are arranged either alphabetically or chronologically or both. Sub-Series: General Files - Boxes 207-216 Kentucky Government - Boxes 217-222 Newsletters and News Releases - Boxes 223-225 Personal Files (Watts' voting record and some speeches) - Boxes 226-227 Positions (Patronage Correspondence) - Boxes 228-236 Service Academies - Boxes 237-241 Memorabilia - Scrapbooks, Plaques, and Framed Awards and Documents.
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Researchers are required to have an SCRC Researcher Account in order to request or order digital copies of materials. Research Account set-up and use instructions can be found at: http://libguides.uky.edu/SCRCaccount

If you are visiting the Breckinridge Research Room, please request materials at least 48 business hours in advance of your arrival.

For all other questions, contact us at: https://libraries.uky.edu/ContactSCRC.

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