Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection,

Descriptive Summary

Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection,
.5 cu. ft. (1 box): 15 items
Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893
Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876
Buckner, S. B. (Simon Bolivar), 1823-1914
Confederate States of America
Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889
Davis, Varina, 1826-1906
Hill, Ambrose Powell, 1825-1865
Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, 1824-1863
Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862
Johnston, Joseph Eggleston, 1807-1891
Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870
Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872
Price, Sterling, 1809-1867
Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883
Thompson, Meriwether Jeff, 1826-1876
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Pictorial works
Finding Aid Author
Processed by: Staff, Richard N. Leigh; machine-readable finding aid created by: Christian Trombetta
University of Kentucky

Collection Overview

Biography / History
During the Civil War, a popular photographic process was albumen printing, and the most popular format for the print was the carte de visite. Albumen (the whites of eggs) was coated on photographic paper, to bond light-sensitive chemicals to the image. When done properly, this produced an image with superior tonality marked by purplish blacks and rich, warm color.
Since numerous albumen prints could quickly be manufactured from a single negative, popular albumen photographs could be cheaply mass-produced. Such was the case for this collection of Civil War generals (predominantly Confederate), that were distributed nationally much like baseball cards are today. This collection, while not comprehensive, does include portraits of Jefferson Davis, Alexander Hamilton Stephens, Robert E. Lee, and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson.
Scope and Content
The Confederate and Union Generals Photographic Collection, ca. 1860s consists of fifteen images of Civil War generals. The first fourteen are albumen carte de visite portraits of individual Confederate generals and the last image is a gelatin developing-out paper (DOP) copy print portraying a group of Union generals.

Restrictions on Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Contents of the Collection

Jefferson Davis (1808-1889); President of Confederate States of America, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 1
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Brigadier General Humphrey Marshall, (1812-1872) C.S.A.; U.S. Congressman (1849-1852, 1855-1859); diplomat to China (1852-1854) and elected to the Confederate Congress, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 2
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Brigadier General Meriwether Jeff Thompson (1826-1876) C.S.A.; Commander of the First Military District in Missouri, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 3
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Major General Simon Bolivar Buckner (1823-1914) C.S.A.; organized Kentucky State Militia, one of the most successful Confederate Generals, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 4
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Major General Sterling Price (1809-1867) C.S.A.; governor of Missouri, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 5
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General Albert Sidney Johnston (1083-1862) C.S.A.; Commanded western theater; killed at the Battle of Shiloh, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 6
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General Joseph Eggleston Johnston (1807-1891) C.S.A.; most senior ranked U.S. military figure to join the Confederacy, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 7
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Lieutenant General Ambrose Powell Hill (1825-1865) C.S.A.; killed during the siege of Petersburg, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 8
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Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883); Vice-President of the Confederate States of America, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 9
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General Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) C.S.A.; eventually named commander-in-chief of Confederate forces, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 10
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General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893) C.S.A.; commander at Fort Sumter, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 11
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General Braxton Bragg (1817-1876), C.S.A.; lead the Army of Tennessee to victory at the Battle of Chickamauga, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 12
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Lieutenant General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (1824-1863) C.S.A.; major victories at Manassas (twice), Antietam, Chancellorsville, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 13
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Varina Davis (Mrs. Jefferson Davis) (1826-1906); First Lady of the Confederate States of America, , 1860's

  • Box 1, item 14
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A group picture of Union Generals: Jefferson C. Davis, William. B. Hagan, Oliver O. Howard, John A. Logan, Joseph A. Mouer, William T. Sherman and Dewey W. Slocum, , 1880's

  • Box 1, item 15
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