Pine Mountain Settlement School Records and Papers,1913-1971

Descriptive Summary

Title
Pine Mountain Settlement School Records and Papers,1913-1971
Creator
Pine Mountain Settlement School
Extent
3.3 lin. ft.
Subjects
Schools, settlement -- Pine Mountain Settlement School
Pine Mountain, Kentucky -- Pine Mountain Settlement School
Appalachia -- Schools, settlement
Appalachia -- Education
Harlan County, Kentucky -- Schools, settlement
Appalachia -- Community development
Finding Aid Author
Processed by: staff; machine-readable finding aid created by:M. Plarr
Repository
Berea College

Collection Overview

Biography / History
Pine Mountain Settlement School was founded in Harlan County in 1913 by Katherine Pettit and Ethel deLong, and modelled after Jane Addams's Hull House in Chicago. The School's first programs included operation of a boarding grade school, a health program, a work program, a farm, and efforts directed toward encouragement of local crafts and music.
In the 1920s a high school was added, but by the 1930s the county had established a sufficient number of one-room schools to meet educational needs and the grade school was closed. Although further development of the local school system has resulted in reduced need for Pine Mountain as a purely educational institution, the emphasis on community improvement by School directors continued, and facilities were used as a retreat center, providing diverse recreational opportunities for the community and outside groups.
Scope and Content
These materials relating to Pine Mountain Settlement School were collected over a number of years by Berea College library staff or are files on the School from the office of President Francis S. Hutchins, a member of the Pine Mountain Board of Trustees.